Handwriting / Dysgraphia
Some of the most common OT deficits related to handwriting include:
- postural instability
- poor bilateral integration
- visual motor and visual perceptual deficits
- decreased strength/endurance
- inefficient grasp patterns
- cognitive processes related to self-monitoring, ideation, initiation, and recall
Children experiencing dysgraphia often say it is frustrating, and this can lead to avoidance of writing tasks, emotional distress, and influences self-confidence. Dysgraphia can occur on its own or with dyslexia, which is an impaired ability to read and comprehend written words, or with other selective language impairments that cause problems with learning written and oral language skills.
Children with handwriting difficulties and/or dysgraphia can make improvements through skilled intervention. The OTs at Integration Station Pediatric Therapy Services approach handwriting concerns using a holistic approach, from the bottom-up, to determine which foundation skills require intervention to promote enhanced handwriting outcomes.